APPLE FRACTIONS (an adult – child learning activity)
Let’s learn fractions with apples!
Let’s learn fractions with apples!
This is a math activity to help your child learn about fractions! It can be simple or complex. For those who already have an understanding, you can use more apples and present equivalent fractions or addition.
To introduce the concept of whole, half ½, quarters ¼ , and advanced fractions, if applicable. To set up a work for the shelf at home so that your child can explore fractions on their own.
- Cutting board
- Plates for cut apples
- 8.5×11 Paper, cut into ¼’s
- Colored pencils and markers
- Extra: Construction paper (or any kind of colored paper) & glue or tape for backing (framing) the cards you make!
- Find a place to work such as a rug or table.
- Gather your materials and place them on the table.
- Begin by introducing your child to what you will be working on today. You can say anything from “Today, we will be talking about fractions.” to “Today, we will be reviewing fractions and talking about how different fractions can be equal or add up to make a bigger fraction”.
- Take out one apple. Tell your child, “This is one whole apple.” Next, let your child draw the apple on one of the papers and then write the number 1 on another paper. “This apple card equals 1, because it is one whole apple.” Show your child how the cards match.
5. Take out the cutting board and knife. Now, cut the apple in half. This apple is now two halves. The child draws pictures of the two apple halves. “This apple half equals ½, it is one half. This other apple half also equals ½, it is also one half. Together (put the apple back together), they equal a whole or 1.” Show your child how to write ½ on two of the cards and show how these cards match the two apple half cards you drew together.
6. Now, move onto fourths. Cut each apple half into half again. Repeat the process above, but for ¼. Lay the fourths out in a row and count them, “One, two, three, four. Four pieces. That is why they are called fourths.” Put the two slices back together to illustrate ¼+¼ = ½. Show your child how the drawings of the apple cut into ¼’s match the papers that say ¼.
7. Keep going as far as your child wants to go! Show equivalence with making papers that read 2/4 = 1/2 and 2/2 = 1 and also 4/8 = 2/4 = 1/2 or write out some math addition problems like the following: ½+½= 1 and ¼ + ¼ = ½ . If you want to take it further the next time make matching cards for equivalence and for addition problems with answers on different cards.
8. Your child can then glue their apple pictures & fraction cards onto a backing sheet.
Put the apple pictures in a container on the shelf & let your child know they can work with the cards and a cut apple anytime. You can use two trays or two baskets, one for pictures and one for fractions or one for equations and one for answers.
9. Eat the apples you learned with for a snack! Marvel at the work you created together! Emphasize how they can work on the fraction cards while the adults do work too! This is a great work for “focus time”, or whatever your family calls quiet concentration.
Visit this link for more ideas:
Have your child teach an older or younger sibling this lesson. Switch roles with your child and have him/her teach you with the cards you made together!
If your child is really pumped about fractions, you can print out these handy cards!
Fraction nomenclature cards for additional learning with fractions!